Art Appraisal Blog

Category - COVID-19

05/27/2022
COVID-19

Social protection response to COVID-19 in rural LAC: The potential of digitalisation to build back better

This policy research brief analyses how digitalisation can facilitate rural populations’ access to effective and adequate social protection and economic inclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean. It investigates the region’s social protection response to COVID-19 and highlights three good practices in providing digitalised social protection to vulnerable rural populations during the crisis. Based on this analysis and considering the local obstacles to digitalised social protection in rural areas, recommendations...

Views 61
Read more
05/20/2022
Beneficiary Identification, Targeting, Onboarding

COVID-19 and Social Assistance in the Philippines: Lessons for Future Resilience

This note describes the phases of the COVID-19 SP response in the Philippines and assesses the performance with a focus on social assistance. It provides estimates of the coverage, adequacy, targeting accuracy, timeliness, and payment delivery of COVID-19 social assistance in the Philippines based on several household surveys and studies. The note pays special attention to the Philippines’ flagship social protection program, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps), and the...

Views 94
Read more
04/29/2022
Country Studies

Beyond India’s Lockdown: PMGKY Benefits During the COVID-19 Crisis and the State of Digital Payments

India imposed a lock-down in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 and began a gradual re-opening in June. A telephonic survey in April examined the early effectiveness of information and the massive PMGKY social protection program (Policy Paper 217). This paper analyzes a second-round survey, conducted six months later. Logistical and information constraints had relaxed, and incomes and jobs had begun to stabilize for some. There were not...

Views 99
Read more
04/14/2022
COVID-19

Beneficiary Experience of Digital Government-to-Person (G2P) Payments in Bangladesh, Colombia, and the Philippines

About 17 percent of the world’s population has received at least one COVID-19-related cash transfer payment since the onset of the pandemic. Many of these transfers have been conducted digitally to efficiently and safely provide economic relief to affected households. Amongst low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that offered cash transfers, 58 disbursed funds directly to a fully functioning bank account, an account only for benefit withdrawal, or a digital non-bank...

Views 144
Read more
04/14/2022
Blog Posts

From Digital G2P Payments to Greater Financial Inclusion—Latest Findings from the Philippines

This blog post from IPA summarizes the findings from a survey of SAP 2 transfer beneficiaries in the Philippines. Due to a number of issues under SAP 1, including overcrowding, SAP 2 benefits were distributed digitally through accounts rather than in cash. The survey found that the average recipient was satisfied, despite waiting for about an hour and being charged roughly $1 to cash out. Only 16%, however, were aware...

Views 114
Read more
03/4/2022
Country Studies

Social Protection in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons from South Africa

This paper reviews South Africa’s social protection policies and their implementation during the COVID-19 crisis. Overall, the government reached over 30 million South Africans with cash-based relief measures. A distinctive feature of cash-based emergency relief was the use of digital technologies, especially in the application and verification process for the new SRD grant. The payment system, however, relied heavily on manual cash disbursements, thus failing to reflect the adoption of...

Views 201
Read more
03/4/2022
COVID-19

Social Protection Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Pacific: A Tipping Point for the Sector?

This paper produced by SPACE examines the social protection response to COVID-19 in the Pacific region, where such systems are emergent. It assesses how individual countries responded to the pandemic, and draws operational lessons. The Authors pay particular attention to Fiji’s experience, where the use of mobile money was prominent.

Views 227
Read more
01/31/2022
Blog Posts

Use of Electronic Vouchers to Distribute Relief: Part 1

As countries have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic, digital vouchers have been used in some contexts to distribute aid. This MicroSave blog post, the first of two, briefly discusses the benefits of e-vouchers, and their use by humanitarian agencies.

Views 196
Read more
01/31/2022
Blog Posts

Use of Electronic Vouchers for Distribution of Relief: Part 2

As countries have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic, digital vouchers have been used in some contexts to distribute aid. This MicroSave blog post, the second of two, briefly discusses the introduction of e-vouchers in Kenya, and the challenges that have emerged.

Views 161
Read more
01/27/2022
COVID-19

Adaptive But Not By Design: Cash Transfers in Latin America and the Caribbean Before, During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 crisis revealed that income support systems in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region were both fundamental and insufficient. This paper by the Inter-American Development Bank presents novel estimates of the coverage and beneficiary distribution of all non-contributory cash transfers both before and during the COVID-19 crisis. It also discusses the tools and methods used by individual countries in their response, placing digital G2P initiatives within a larger...

Views 156
Read more